Heat Stroke Symptoms and Treatment
Introduction to Heat Stroke
Heat Stroke also called a sunstroke is very common these days especially in areas near sea or oceans. Many deaths are reported every year due to heat stroke.
It can cause the damage to your brain too. High temperature and extreme humidity can cause heat stroke in the region.
Heatstroke: Medical Definition
“It is a core body temperature of over 105 degrees Fahrenheit with nervous system complications which can result from high temperatures.”
Heatstroke: Scientific Definition
It is directly proportionate to the heat index. This index depends on when humidity and air temperature is combined, how you feel it. A relative humidity of 60% or more hampers sweat evaporation, which hinders your body’s ability to cool itself.
Who is at Risk?
Following are most at risk:-
- Infants and children up to the age of 4 years
Symptoms of Heat Stroke
- Dizziness occurs
- There is no sweating even you are walking in the heat.
- Skin may become red, hot, or dry
- Muscle becomes weak or restricted
- Repeated vomiting
- Fast heartbeat
- Rapid, shallow breathing
- Throbbing headache
- Mental effects like confusion, disorientation, or staggering
First Aid Emergency Treatment
If anybody attacked by heatstroke, do the following immediately.
- Bring him to an air conditioning or a cooling environment
- If no cooling environment is available, move him under the shade
- Uncover him and remove his unnecessary clothes
- Try cooling him (strategy below) as much as you can towards 100 or 101 degrees Fahrenheit
- Cool air shower the patient with a fan or something else
- Cool down his body by making it wet
- Apply some ice packs to the head, neck, and back
- Take shower
Medication for Heat Stroke
The medication for heatstroke include antihistamines, diet pills, diuretics, sedatives, tranquilizers, stimulants, seizure medications (anticoagulants), and medications for psychiatric illnesses such as antidepressants and antipsychotics, heart and blood pressure medications such as beta-blockers and vasoconstriction.
Remedies for Heatstrokes
- Try to avoid the sun as much as you can
- Use umbrella while walking outside
- Wear lightweight and loose fitted clothes in summer
- Use sunscreen for sun protection
- Drink a lot of liquids. Use fresh juices and prevent yourself from dehydration
- Drink minimum 12 glass of water per day
- Consult your doctor before using a lot of liquids because in some cases/diseases extra liquids can be harmful to you.
- Monitor your urine color regularly and consult doctor if see something unusual
- Monitor your weight regularly
- Don’t use liquids containing alcohol, caffeine or similar ingredients.
- Take shower frequently